Architecture of the USSR

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Architecture of the USSR
What makes this building from other high-rises? First of all, the convergence of the rectangular constructive basis with the general picturesque formation. The soft silhouette, sculptural volumes of plastic - these are the features of this work. Structuring of complex volume was closer vertikalizm modular building Stalin's empire, than the rigid grid of the 1960s. However, the new facility, with its clear desire for emotional expressionism lacks even a hint of retrospektnye formy.Svoey crowning part of the building in the central part of the city panoramas. Silhouette of this part does not argue with the domes and spiers, because it contains the basic coordinates of their forms. From the magazine "Architecture of the USSR" See also Strange Soviet Buildings Ministry of Road Tbilisi, Georgia, 1975

The new volume was to capture the space Boulevard and at the same time save space on the ground level. To do this, we raised the halls on the second floor of a mark - the podium, thus spreading the flow of visitors entering and leaving the zalov.Prohod between the halls we have done in the form of a vertical canyon. The decision was prompted by an appeal to history. The ensembles of the Armenian monasteries - Agartsin, Kecharis - built on the principle of similarity of volumes, standing close beside, and in the narrow space between them there is a force field that links them with the environment. From an interview with the magazine Architects' Architecture of the USSR "

PALACE CINEMA MI. Alisher Navoi, Tashkent (Uzbekistan), 1961-1964
The building was built in the form of fluted columns and decorated with paintings from the inside.

CAFE AND RESTAURANT "FLOAT", Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine), 1976
On the blue mirror the way the Dnieper housed cafe "float."

OFFICE BUILDING, Soviet Embassy Havana (Cuba), 1975-1981
The project - the idea of ​​a self-contained space of the monastery on an island with a bell tower as an office building. Dynamism and rigid plastic forms due to the need of creating shadow areas, which used screens and awnings.

PALACE solemn rites (Banquet Hall), Tbilisi (Georgia), 1980-1984
Palace "Arcadia", who was previously owned by the former oligarch and opponent of President Saakashvili - Badri Patarkatsishvili - the pearl of attractions Tbilisi. In the past - it was a wedding palace, towering on the hillside, now hovering over the capital Tbilisi sad reminder of its former greatness. On the facade of the building hangs a huge portrait of the type of good-natured tycoon, remains of which lies within this sad mansion.Attractions Tbilisi

TSNIIOKI Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC), St. Petersburg, 1974-1985
Elegant and tall building resembles not the lonely chapel, not the rocket, lost among the birch trees of the park SOSNOVKA. It was built as a testing ground for space equipment for the joint US-Soviet manned space mission "Soyuz-Apollo." Like Tower of Pisa, Leningrad "rocket" possible to carry out measurements of the state bodies in free fall. Today the tower (by the way, is hollow) is stored artificial arm that was used at one time on the space station "Mir".

Marine Station, St. Petersburg, 1982
Where do you swim, sail taut aluminum? As a moored sailboat, need ice Gulf rises Naval Station. It outlines guessed at the same time and the severity of the Admiralty (the proportion of which is likely, one of the authors have served as models for the "roll" through the centuries), and the gracefulness of the ocean liner. From an article by V. Ivanov "for integrity - to the stars"

Children's Musical Theatre, Moscow, 1972-1979
The architectural composition of the theater is based on the contrast of his flattened rectangular bottom and round towers of completing the building.Pronounced in the outside trehzalnost combined with a uniform distribution of inputs, balconies and sculptures that reflect the unity of the complex.From the magazine "Architecture of the USSR"

MUSEUM ROAD PLANT Lenin Komsomol Moscow, 1972
on its own is organic symbolism of industrial architecture. Energy giants - symbols of the power of modern mankind, as well as the huge industrial complexes, open production plants and dominating entity. The specifics of work in modern production is a kind of expression, communication with the scientific and educational centers talks about the interpenetration of physical and mental labor. From the book "New horizons of architectural creativity"

Pension "Friendship" Yalta, Ukraine, 1984
State Scientific and Technical Library of Ukraine
House-monument "Buzludja"
Tver. Street Vagzhanova
Hotel Russia
The building of Ministry of Foreign Affairs
HOUSE gosproma Kharkov, 1926 -1928
Rusakov Club
Melnikov - the only orthodox constructivist, which is more built, and not talked about how to build it. His Moscow clubs at its close to churches, buildings towering over the squalid factory suburbs. Actually, the church and they were intended to replace. Even the open stairs and terraces reminiscent gallery-gulbischaXVII century.

Lenin's plan of monumental propaganda declared the sculpture the most important propaganda tool. Monuments revolutionaries and public figures of the 1920s began to appear across the country, providing a tightly artists government order. The reference symbol of socialist realism became a monument of Vera Mukhina's "Worker and Collective Farm Girl" at ENEA, crowns the Soviet pavilion at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1937. Thirty years later, at Mamaev Kurgan in Volgograd was erected another triumph of megalomania - "The Motherland Calls!" Yevgeny Vuchetich. At the time of it was the tallest sculpture in the world: 85 yards, 33 of which holds a sword. In comparison, the U.S. Statue of Liberty - 46 meters without the pedestal. But the scale and the impact on the minds of even they could not compete with the all-union radio and television transmitting station of the 50th Anniversary of the USSR. 540-meter Ostankino tower in the form of an inverted lily in 1967, was the tallest building in the world.

Lenin mausoleum, Moscow, 1929-1930
Not just all the acknowledged masterpiece, but the main temple of the Soviet religion is not by chance is designed by the architect before the revolution build the most interesting churches in the neo-Russian style. Neither one is constructivism, but simplified to the extreme classicism, not without irony: the tribune is, and a strange indentation in the right hand corner on the other side of the facade is missing. Especially susceptible are compared with ziggurat pyramid of Kukulkan in Chichen Itza and seek Masonic symbols.

Sanatorium "Metallurg" Sochi
MSU, Moscow, 1948-1953
Once upon a time in this place, on the Sparrow Hills were going to build a temple to commemorate the victory over Napoleon, and now a new victory heralded something completely unimaginable - not the cathedral, not the palace, not the castle (four jasper columns, survived the demolition of the temple Christ the Savior Cathedral, set in front of the rector's office). As is the case with other Stalinist skyscrapers, comparisons with American skyscrapers ridiculous. After all, those will certainly get off in a heap, the power of the same university, in the vast expanses around, guaranteeing spectacular views.

Palace of Soviets
The grand building with a height of 420 meters on the project Boris Iofana was to be the apotheosis of the grand style. Multi-storey skyscraper with columns surmounted by a hundred-meter statue of Lenin - in two and a half times higher than the Statue of Liberty - have begun to build on the site of demolished in 1931, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, having to make a foundation. At the head of the leader supposed to equip the library, Stalin's office or put anti-aircraft guns. In the war of the project froze, and then it was not up to the palace, instead of one giperzdaniya in Moscow increased the "seven sisters" - seven high-rises. After the death of the helmsman cultural vector was directed not upward, but inward: the foundation of the Palace of Soviets has spilled over into the outdoor pool "Moscow".