Ghost ship
According to the legends and myths, ghost ships - is afloat on ships that do not have the crew and they are all dead. 
There are a number of actual cases of the appearance of ghost ships, which are documented.
 Of course, the most famous ghost ship is The Flying Dutchman, which is a precursor for the sailors a great disaster. Most often, this ghost ship seen from a distance or in the surrounding halo. 

According to the legend of the Flying Dutchman, in 1641, the Dutch captain Philip van der Decca in his ship sailed from the East Indies, and was carrying on board a young couple. The girl liked the captain, so he killed her boyfriend, and she made ​​an offer to become his wife. The girl refused and jumped overboard, and the ship sailed to the Cape of Good Hope. If you try to go around this cape, the ship got into a violent storm, and the superstitious sailors immediately weighed to the murder of a young couple. Several sailors and navigator offered to wait in any weather bay, but the captain and killed them, and then the bones of his mother swore that none of his team did not come ashore as long as they do not go around the Cape, even if it takes an eternity. That's what the captain and brought a curse on his ship, which is now an immortal team can not return to the ground. 
According to different versions of the legend, the curse can be lifted. According to one version, the captain of the Flying Dutchman once in ten years you can go to the ground, but in order to lift the curse, he must find a girl who voluntarily agree to become his wife. The other version is a kind of magic word, which is able to lift the curse and forever upokoit captain along with his team.
In addition to the basic legend, there are many other versions:
- Ship's captain has vowed to give soul to the devil, if his ship was able to escape unharmed cape. His wishes were fulfilled, and he and his team was doomed to eternal wandering.
- During the storm, the team did not want to risk trying to persuade the captain to wait out bad weather. But the captain said he would storm the Cape Horn (in another version - the Cape of Good Hope) to the second coming. In response to these words from heaven was heard a terrible voice: "So be it - swim!."
- The crew could get sick terrible disease, and therefore, they are simply not allowed in the ports. As a result, the team without food and water had to plow the sea for as long as all the crew members did not die.
- Team Flying Dutchman so hurry home, do not come to the aid of a sinking ship, for which he was cursed.
- The Flying Dutchman ran into Pirate ghost ship "Kenar." The team managed to defeat the Flying Dutchman "Kenar", but they passed the curse of the ship.
- Another one legend, the ship's captain was playing dice with the devil in his own soul. A possible explanation may be, the sailors saw no ghost ship, and the phenomenon of Fata Morgana, When the water surface, there are various mirages. As for the glowing halo around the ship, it could be St. Elmo's fire of another ship, which are observed at different elevated subjects, such as mast ship.
 In creating the legend of the Flying Dutchman could participate and yellow fever. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes that breed in containers with drinking water. Yellow fever could well destroy the whole team, and a meeting with the ghost ship was extremely dangerous, as the hungry mosquitoes attacked once more a healthy crew. 
actual sightings of ghosts of ships , of course, quite often people make legends out of nowhere, when you simply do not may explain the phenomenon seen or as a result of numerous unsubstantiated retelling, new details of anything. But there are real ghost ships, which are found in the seas and brought to the ports. Mary Celeste Perhaps the most famous real ghost ship Mary Celeste was a ship that was found December 4, 1872, 400 miles from Gibraltar, the ship "Dei Gratia» (Dei Gratia). Originally the ship was called the Amazon and had fallen into disrepute. The first captain of the ship died in the first voyage, the ship several times changed owners, and in 1869 during a storm dumped on the shore. After that, the ship was sold to an American, who renamed it the "Mary Celeste" ("Marie Celestial").
 The ship Mary Celeste came from Staten Island, New York to the port of Genoa, Italy with a cargo of rectified spirit. On board was a crew of seven people, and the captain, his wife and two-year daughter. ship Mary Celeste was found a month after leaving the port, with no team and no visible external damage. Minor damage was on the hatch covers, hatch doors nose cut off lay on the deck between the bulkheads and decks were the water level is about one meter. Another important detail - in their seats were not found chronometer and sextant, and one of the lifeboats were not in place, which alludes to the evacuation of the crew. The rest of the ship was intact, right down to the smallest detail: the captain's cabin were casket of jewels and wads of money, his wife's sewing machine was a captain with the unfinished sewing, sailors tubes were stacked in a special place, the food supply was intact, and the cargo intact.
 Detection of ship generated a lot of rumors, from pirates, to the insurgency and the impact of the Bermuda Triangle. But all these options completely swept aside the facts: the pirates have seized more valuable goods, jewelry, money, or the ship itself than just a boat and crew.When a team mutiny would not have left the ship with empty hands, took a particularly personal things, and things of captain, but it remained in their places. All the evidence suggests that people will leave the ship Mary Celeste, the question only why they did it. The most likely hypothesis is Cobb on ignition of vapors of alcohol. According to this hypothesis, the barrels of alcohol were leaky, resulting in a pair of alcohol accumulated in the hold. The first explosion occurred in the aft deck, but it was not powerful enough to break the wooden hatch covers. The captain sent a sailor to check what was happening, so they removed the hatch cover, but at that moment rang a second, more powerful explosion in the forward hold, which just knocked the hatch covers. Fearful of new bombings, the team quickly evacuated from the ship. This is evidenced by the fact that the captain took the ship's papers, chronometer and sextant (compass tried to withdraw, thus breaking it), but forgot to take the ship's log. Kok at the same time to take the ship is already cooked food - it was not on the ship. Of course, nobody was going to finally leave the ship, most likely, the captain was planning to withdraw to a safe distance and come back later. The ship did not have enough long tow rope, so it was used as a derrick rope - a long rope, which raises an oblique sail. New explosion did not happen, because the hatches of the holds were already open, and a pair of alcohol does not accumulate in a confined space. But back to the ship people do not have time. Most likely, the wind filled the sails changed, and the ship quickly gained the course, derrick rope with a sharp jerk could not stand it and stopped. Crowded boat just did not have a chance to catch up with unmanaged ship, which simply do not have time to lay down their sails. fate was sealed by the people, because they were difficult to survive. But the ship, after he was found, used another 12 years until in 1885 the captain broke it is not specifically about the reefs off the coast of Haiti in order to obtain insurance. Other real cases of British merchant ship Octavius ​​was found in 1775 off the coast of Greenland. In the last logbook entry was the phrase that the vessel in 1762 is going to attempt to pass on the Northwest Passage, which until then did not submit to anyone. Ship with frozen crew on board drifted for 13 years. ship Beychimo after was locked in ice, was left the team in 1931. It was assumed that the ship will sink as soon get rid of pack ice, but it remained afloat and was often seen by others. Not only the large ships are becoming ghost ship. So in 1933, was found well preserved empty lifeboat passenger steamer «SS Valencia", which sank in 1906.
 The tanker Jian Seng in 2006 washed ashore in Australia, despite a thorough search was not found, even the master of the mysterious ship.
 Also in 2006 it was discovered a small boat Bel Amica. On board were the remnants of food, clothing, map and flag of Luxembourg. Even managed to find the owner of the vessel, he was a Frank Roire, but he declined to say why his ship was off the coast of Italy.
In 2007 he was discovered by the catamaran Kaz II. The engine of a small vessel was launched, and was included in the cabin notebook. People with a catamaran and have not been found. Presumably, one of them fell overboard, and the second immediately rushed to help him, but the third time to start the engine and climbed to fold the sail, but in a hurry Rhea got back and was also in the water.
In 2010, Egyptian border guards discovered the ship in the Red Sea, unmarked, found the drugs on board. Most likely, the ship broke, and the crew did not wait for the "aid" from the border.
One of the last ships of the ghost was a Japanese trawler "Maru", which was blown into the sea a tsunami, and then was sunk by U.S. border guards off the coast of Alaska.